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Dw i'n dysgu Sbaeneg ond dw i'n cael fy ysbrydoliaeth o'r dysgwyr Cymraeg ar Duolingo.

Gofynnias i Dall-e mini i greu "y peth mwyaf Cymreig"

Alun Salt boosted

Scientists show that at least 44 percent of Earth's land requires #conservation to safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem services #ScienceDaily

Add in that Amazonia is a vast area and largely unsurveyed, archaeologically speaking, and you potentially have an unknown civilisation that would be like finding the Khmer (Angkor Wat etc.) or Shona (Great Zimbabwe) for the first time.

It's an interesting article in itself that you can read at (Open Access), but it also is exciting for pointing how much is unknown that remains to be discovered.

- If people can get to the sites, before they're flattened by development.

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All this earth needs shifting, and that takes a lot of people

In their article the authors write: "The scale, monumentality, labour involved in the construction of the civic-ceremonial architecture and water-management infrastructure, and the spatial extent of settlement dispersal compare favourably to Andean cultures and are of a scale far beyond the sophisticated, interconnected settlements of southern Amazonia, which lack monumental civic-ceremonial architecture."

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The area they've looked at are the Amazon lowlands of Bolivia. It's easy to forget that Bolivia has lowlands as a lot of the tourism (and archaelogy) has concentrated on the highlands.

When Prümers & colleagues looked at the data they found two large and complex sites. The architecture is a lot of earthwork. But earthwork doesn't often form neat terraces, complete with a sophisticated system of canals and reservoirs. If you're a fan of pyramids with your ancient civilisations, it has those too.

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When you start looking at the Amazon for low-density settlements then things become a lot more puzzling. But the Amazon has been difficult to survey. There are still a lot of trees there. The cleared patches can have damage that makes fragile archaeological clues unreadable.

Heiko Prümers and colleagues have been getting round this with lidar, the laser equivalent of radar, and have been able to use this to survey large areas that wouldn't be possible on foot. And they've found plenty.

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A problem was that the Amazon rainforest was thought of as pristine and untouched. Any people you found living there were, in the big scheme of things, an anomaly - which made logging their homes a lot easier.

But surveys found that there were areas where plant diversity was unexpectedly high, and the soil unexpectedly fertile. There was also another problem that you certainly found complex civilisations in tropics elsewhere, but the urban density was a lot lower compared to Europe.

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This is an interesting story: ‘Mind blowing’ settlements uncovered in the Amazon

When I was sitting in on of classes for my MPhil it was slightly odd. South America, from an archaeological point of view was the Andes from the Chavin culture 1st mil BCE to the Inca that ended in 1533. All the space to the east wasn't covered, as though nothing of interest was happening.

But some people had been taking a closer look.

Alun Salt boosted

I'd forgotten how much some mathematicians dislike seeing Noether called a physicist. A thread on how I think mathematicians and physicists see the world in different ways 0/14

Just used the 'delete & re-draft' function for the first time. That's saved a little stress.

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Golwg have a new website out Lingo360

It's a companion website for their Lingo Newydd magazine for learners. Definitely worth taking a look at.

I don't normally post work on my personal account, but this one is weird.

Sundews are carnivorous plants. They eat insects, including caterpillars and other larvae that wander across them. But a fly, Toxomerus basalis, lays its eggs on a sundew. When the larvae hatch, they live their lives on the plant wandering around looking for food.

It's like leaving your kids with a serial killer for a babysitter.

Ar ôl dwy neu dair wythnos, dw i'n gallu dweud bo fi'n hoffi ar y Mac. Mae'n cyflym iawn yn ogystal â preifat.

I'll be listening to the soundtrack today. Like the film, it's a mix of organic and synthetic sounds.
My only complaint is 'Blush Response' should be longer.

Alun Salt boosted

Did this really happen? It’s almost as if the arc of the moral universe does bend toward justice.


Former President George W. Bush: “The decision of one man to launch a wholly unjustified and brutal invasion of Iraq. I mean of Ukraine.”

Alun Salt boosted

Stop picking carnivorous penis , Cambodian environmental officials plead
People picking penis pitcher plant poses problems.

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